Diabetic eye disease refers to a group of eye problems that affect those with diabetes. Those with diabetes may suffer from diabetic retinopathy, diabetic macular edema, glaucoma, and cataracts. Diabetic retinopathy is the most common cause of vision loss among those with diabetes, and it is also the leading cause of blindness. Diabetic eye disease can affect many parts of the eye, including the retina, macula lens and optic nerve. All forms of diabetic eye disease have the potential to cause severe vision loss and blindness, which is why getting an annual eye exam is so important.
Glaucoma is an eye condition that causes damage to the eye’s optic nerve. The optic nerve carries information about what is being seen from the eye to the brain. As the nerve becomes damaged over time, vision is lost. This can result in misty and patchy vision. The condition is often linked to a buildup of pressure inside the eye. As this pressure increases, damage to the optic nerve can occur. If the damage continues, it can eventually lead to permanent vision loss. Without treatment, glaucoma may result in total blindness within a few years.